Account receivable(AR)

Written by Fmi.Online Wednesday November 9, 2022
An account receivable (AR) is an amount that is due to a firm for goods or services that have been delivered or utilized but have not yet been paid. An account receivable is any amount owed by a customer for goods or services. AR is included in the balance sheet as a current asset.
As a result of credit risk, losses always occur and it is usually possible to estimate bad debts based on experience and history. The allowance for doubtful debts is deducted from accounts receivable. Each estimate is reviewed and updated regularly. For detailed information on the processing amounts, often references are provided.


Accounting for receivables refers to the invoices that are outstanding and the money that clients owe to the business. The phrase refers to accounts the company has the right to collect after delivering a product or service. Generally, receivables are a line of credit extended by a company and require payments to be made within a relatively short time period, ranging from a few days to a year.
Accounts receivables are assets on the balance sheets of businesses since they are legally obligated to be paid. Additionally, accounts receivable are current assets because they are owed back by debtors within one year. A receivables account indicates that the company is yet to collect payment from a customer it sold on credit.

In a nutshell:

  • Companies generate accounts receivable when they allow their customers to pay for goods or services on credit.
  • The accounts payable are similar to the accounts received, but instead of the money received, the amount owed is paid to the recipient.
  • Money due to a business in the short term is represented by accounts receivables on a balance sheet.
  • The company's AR power can be assessed on the basis of the account revenue earned or the remaining sales number.
  • Profit rate analysis can be done to determine when AR will actually be acquired.

Accounts Payable (AP) vs Account receivable (AR)

Simplest of all, accounts payable and accounts receivable represent the same thing. Accounts payable shows how much you owe suppliers, whereas accounts receivable shows how much you owe customers.
For example, a distributor may buy a refrigerator from a manufacturer, which creates an account payable to the manufacturer. The distributor then sells the refrigerator to a customer on
credit, which results in an account receivable from the customer. The result is an account receivable from the customer.
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