Accounts Payable (AP)

Written by Fmi.Online Sunday August 8, 2021
The amount due to creditors after acquiring goods or services on credit has to be paid back in a short period. It is a short-term liability that appears on the balance sheet under current liability.
In the IFRS, accounts payable are referred to as trade payables, which are debts created by formal legal documents. Accounts payable are important for a business to keep its cash flow healthy.


Under the current liabilities section of a company's balance sheet is the amount of accounts payable that the company has owed at a particular time. Defaults can be avoided by making accounts payable. Payables, at an organizational level, are short-term debt payments due to suppliers. One business sends a payable to another business on a short-term basis. As a result, its receivables would increase.
Accounts payable is an essential figure on a company's balance sheet. When the amount of accounts payable (AP) increases over the previous period, that means that more goods or services are being purchased on credit, rather than paid for with cash. A business's cash flow is greatly influenced by accounts payable management.
When a company owes money to another company for services rendered or products provided but has not yet paid, a payable is created. In some cases, this will be in the form of purchase on credit from a vendor or a subscription or payments due after the goods or services are received.

In a nutshell:

  • Payables are amounts owed to vendors or suppliers for goods or services delivered, but not yet paid.
  • In a balance sheet of a company, the accounts payable balance includes all outstanding payments owed to vendors.
  • In the cash flow statement, you will see whether the total AP increased or decreased from the prior period.
  • To enhance cash flow, management may decide to pay outstanding bills close to their due dates whenever possible.
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